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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1589\margr4988\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1589\margrsxn4988\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li670\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 ADMINISTRATION : GLORIES OF KANAUJ      305}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li68\fi0\ri14\sb227\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The other punishments were more sanguinary than in \expndtw2 the Gupta period: "For offences against social morality \expndtw10 and disloyal and unfilial conduct, the punishment is \expndtw9 to cut off the nose, or an ear, or a hand, or a foot, or \expndtw3 to banish the offender to another country or into the \expndtw7 wilderness".\super 1\nosupersub  Minor offences could be "atoned for by \expndtw8 a money payment". Ordeals by fire, water, weighing \expndtw2 or poison were also recognised instruments for deter\-\expndtw15 mining the innocence or guilt of a person. The \expndtw2 severity of the criminal administration was, no doubt, \expndtw8 largely responsible for the infrequency of violations \expndtw1 of law, but it must also have been due to the character of \expndtw2 the Indian people who are described as of "pure moral \expndtw4 principles/'\super 2}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li79\fi0\ri0\sb140\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex84\expndtw8\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Glories of Kanatij}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li68\fi464\ri11\sb90\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The prosperity and importance of Kanauj, so well begun during the time of the Maukharis, grew tremend\-\expndtw5 ously under Harsa; and it now easily became the pre\-\expndtw2 mier city of Northern India supplanting Pataliputra, the \expndtw4 older centre, through which the main currents of poli\-\expndtw5 tical life had flowed since the days of the Buddha. To \expndtw4 the observant eyes of a foreigner it must have appeared \expndtw8 a great cosmopolitan town whose inhabitants were \expndtw2 almost equally divided between orthodoxy and hetero\-\expndtw5 doxy. There were one hundred Buddhist monasteries \expndtw13 with more than 10 ooo brethren belonging to both \expndtw3 the "Vehicles". The "Dcva temples" amounted to about \expndtw5 two hundred, and. the non-Buddhists were several \expndtw12 thousands in number. The city itself (twenty // or \expndtw4 about 5 miles in length and five //' or i| mile in breadth)}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi277\ri0\sb223\sa0\sl-209\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 id.; \i0 Beal, I, pp. 83-84. \super\expndtw6 2\nosupersub  Yuan Chwang adds :   "They will not take anything wrong\-fully, and they yield more than  fairness requires.    They fear the retribution for sins in other lives, and make light of what conduct \expndtw7 produces in this life.   They do not practise deceit and they keep \expndtw5 their sworn obligations" (Watters, I, p. 171;   Beal, I, p. 83). \expndtw-4 zo}\par }